If you have a tooth that has been infected or badly decayed, root canal therapy may be needed to treat it. Many Delray Beach cosmetic dentists recommend that you seek immediate medical attention if the nerve of the tooth or the pulp of the tooth is damaged. During the procedure, the pulp and the nerve are both removed to clean and seal the tooth. If you ask any Delray Beach cosmetic dentist, they will say that their patients are often nervous about the procedure being painful. In reality, the actual pain is experienced in the time that leads up to the procedure and not during the procedure itself.
Deep decay is oft en the cause for infected, inflamed and irritated nerves in teeth. Repeated dental treatments such as large fillings, trauma to the face or a crack or chip in the tooth may also lead to inflamed or irritated nerve and pulp. If you are experiencing severe toothaches or pain during chewing or during the application of pressure, you may be in need of a root canal. Prolonged sensitivity to cold or hot temperatures, darkened teeth, swelling in the gums and tender gums as well as persistent gum pimples are also clear signs that you may need to consider a root canal.
Typically root canals are performed with one or more visits to a cosmetic dentist. The procedure requires an X-ray to assess the damage and to see whether the surrounding bone is infected. Then, the area near the tooth will be numbed with an anesthetic to put the patient at ease. The dentist will then drill an access hole in the tooth and then remove all the decayed nerve tissue, bacteria and pulp along with any additional debris. The cleaning out is performed with a series of root canal files of increasing diameters to clear the decayed parts from the tooth. Once the tooth is completely cleaned, the dentist often waits about a week to seal the tooth. Until the tooth is properly sealed, dentists often place a temporary filling in the drilled hole to keep out any contaminants. Should there be an infection; medication will be placed within the tooth to clear it. The tooth will then be sealed with a compound known as gutta-percha and a sealer paste. The exterior access hole will be covered with a filling.
The final step of the process is to fully restore the tooth. A tooth in need of a root canal may require a large filling, a crown or a crown and post to fully restore it. This restoration will prevent further breakage and protect the tooth from further damage.